Types of physical disability

A physical disability results in a “limitation on a person’s physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina” (Equality Act, 2010). 

An individual who has a physical disability may have a reduced ability – or inability – to walk, move their hands and arms, sit and stand, or control their muscles. It does not necessarily stop an individual from performing specific tasks but it does make them more challenging.  

A person may be born with a physical disability or acquire it in life due to an accident, injury, illness or as a side effect of a medical condition. 

Examples of physical disability include cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, cancer, amputations, and spinal cord injuries.